Trafalgar Square, set in central London, is one of Britain's great tourist attractions.
Built to commemorate Admiral Nelson, the square was named after the Spanish Cape Trafalgar where his last battle, The Battle of Trafalgar, was won.
It was John Nash, who designed the first layout of the square in the 1820's.
Building of the square began in 1829 and was still being developed into the 1840's.
The National Gallery occupies the north side of the square. In the stone under the balustrade, you can see the Imperial Standards of Length (1 foot, 2 feet, 1 yard etc.).
On the east side is South Africa House, with African animals featured on the stone arches.
Sir Robert Smirke, who designed The British Museum, also created Canada House, on the west side.
Visiting Canadians may be interested to know that they can read the Canadian newspapers, browse on line, or send and receive emails in Canada House.
The chartists assembled in Trafalgar Square in 1848 and since then, it has been a favourite meeting place for demonstrators and marchers, trying to gain attention for their cause.
This is in thanks for Britain's part in their liberation during the second world war.
One of the unforgettable sights of London is to see the giant tree after dark when it is lit by hundreds of twinkling fairy lights, carol singers grouped around, while floodlights illuminate the sparkling water in the fountains of the square.
The equestrian statue of Charles I at the south end of the square is noteworthy, as being the original site of Charing Cross.
This is the spot from which all 'distances from London' are measured.
On either side, are the bronze statues of Sir Henry Havelock and Sir Charles James Napier both Victorian major generals.
Fronting the north wall are busts of Beatty, Jellicoe and Cunningham all famous military leaders.
Share this article
Trafalgar Square Postcode for SatNav: SW1