Things to do in Glossop, Derbyshire
Known as the Gateway to the Peak District, it had over 32,000 residents in the 2001 census.
It has the remains of a Bronze Age burial site on Shire Hill and other interesting prehistoric remains on Torside.
By 78AD the Romans had reached the area and built a road across the Pennines and a fort to the east of Glossop, at Gamesley.
This site of Melandra Castle has been extensively excavated, showing the original fort walls and a Roman shrine.William the Conqueror.
Peverel began to build Glossop Castle but the estate was later confiscated and given by Henry II to Basingwerk Abbey.
In the 15th-century, the monks leased the land in the area to the Talbot family who became the Earls of Shrewsbury.
After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the Manor of Glossop passed to the Dukes of Norfolk and the land was used to raise hardy Pennine sheep.
Glossop became a centre of wool processing and expanded into cotton spinning during the 18th-century.
With plenty of streams to power the mills and finish the cloth, during the Industrial Revolution the mills were a hive of activity.
He also built the Italianate Town Hall, laying the foundation stone on Coronation Day, 1838.
During the American Civil War, between 1861- 4, there was no cotton available and the workers were in desperate need.
The mill owning families provided clogs, food and coal, and employed workers on public projects such as improving the water supply.
Their benevolence meant Glossop had far less hardship than other areas.
In the 20th-century cotton-spinning declined and the Howard family sold the Glossop Estate.
Present Day Glossop
The town has many fine buildings made from local sandstone including chapels and churches, two surviving cotton mill buildings and a landmark railway viaduct.
The religious beliefs of the mill owners reflected the many churches and reading rooms that were built to accommodate the workers who were obliged to worship with their employers.
Rivalry between the mill-owning families led the Woods family to build the public baths and park only to be outdone by the Partingtons building the library and cricket pavilion.
One way or another, Glossop did very well from the dissent!
The workhouse was built in 1832 and later became Shire Hill Hospital.
Things to do in Glossop
The Pennines and Ladybower Reservoir are an attraction for hikers and cyclists in the area.
Glossop is also close to the Peak District which offers many scenic drives and walks.
The Longdendale Trail was created in the 1990s along the former Woodhead Railway and is ideal for cycling and walking.
The Torrs Riverside Park has beautiful views of the River Goyt and the spectacular gorge which is crossed by the 94-feet high Union Road Bridge.
Dinting Railway Centre is an interesting local attraction near the splendid Dinting viaduct.
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