Ring of Brodgar Stone Circle & Henge
It was built between 2500 BC and 2000 BC, making it the last of the neolithic monuments to have been built in the area.
The Ring of Brodgar stands on a small isthmus with Loch Stenness on one side and Loch Harray on the other.
It is made up of a small circle of standing stones, with no stones or wooden structures inside the circle, although the area has yet to be thoroughly excavated to confirm this.Avebury and Stonehenge. It is the northern most circle henge in Britain.
The Brodgar Stone Circle
It is the largest stone circle in Scotland and the third largest stone circle in Britain.
The stones vary in size and the largest ones are concentrated on the south and west side of the ring.
Four of the stones have symbols carved on them of a cross, an anvil and various runes. Some visitors claim to feel a special ambience inside the ring.
There are two entrance causeways across the ditch, which are diametrically opposite each other, facing north west and south east.
These coincide with the setting of the sun in summer and the rising of the sun in winter.
Several large stones indicate there may have been a ceremonial pathway from Brodgar to the Stones of Stenness.
A true henge is a circular area enclosed by an earthen bank and a ditch. It often contained a circle of stone or wood pillars.
It was carved out of solid rock and although there is no sign of the bank of earth which may have surrounded it, historians still refer to the site as a henge.
Within two square miles of the Brodgar Stone Circle are a number of other Neolithic monuments which make it appear to have been a significant ritualistic site.
There are a total of two stone henges, groups of standing stones, single pillars, four chambered tombs and many other barrows and cairns.
A nearby flat-topped mound was probably built to observe the four major movements of the moon which are important to predict the moon's cycles.Bronze Age.
Excavations by Orkney College uncovered pottery, bones and the foundations of a stone wall which was up to 20 feet wide and 330 feet long.
It runs across the peninsula and may have separated the sacred area of these ritualistic buildings from the rest of the world.
The presence of so many interesting sites has led to the area being recognized by UNESCO as being of worldwide significance.
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About 5 miles north east of Stromness.
Ring of Brodgar Stone Circle & Henge Postcode for SatNav: KW16