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Blaenavon Ironworks



South Wales's industrial history is recalled at this revealing site, one of Europe's best-preserved 18th century ironworks. The works, located in the old iron and coal producing town of Blaenavon in the eastern valleys of south Wales, date from 1788. They soon became the second largest in Wales, and after a period of prosperity in the early and mid 19th century fell into decline with the coming of steel.Built in the 1780s, Blaenavon was at the cutting edge of new technology. The furnaces did not rely on waterwheels for their blast. A steam engine was installed, allowing the construction of the first purpose built multi-furnace works in Wales, a milestone in the Industrial Revolution. Remains of a row of blast furnaces survive dominated by the tall shell of an ingenious water balance tower which transported materials.Visitors to the site can still trace the entire process of production, from the charging at "furnace top" with coal, iron ore and limestone to the casting of the molten metal in the yard below. The human dimension is not overlooked - alongside the works are the cottages of Stack Square. These small terraced dwellings were built between 1789 and 1792 for key workers and housed families of up to eight and lodgers.General Information:
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  • Toilets for wheelchair users on site
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    Directions

    Via A4043, follow signs to Big Pit Mining Museum and Blaenavon Ironworks.

    Blaenavon Ironworks Postcode for SatNav: NP4 9RN

    Contact

     
    Tel:
    +44 (0)1495 792 615
    Web:


    North Street
    Blaenavon
    South Wales
    NP4 9RN










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